≡ Menu

SAP Scripts Tutorial and SAP Script program

SAP Scripts

SAP script is a text processing system where it is similar in scope and form as the best text processing systems in the world. SAP Scripts make use of pre-formatted forms to print pre-formatted text.

Components of SAP Scripts

The important five components of SAP Scripts are as follows,

  1. Editor: – which is used to enter lines of text and to edit them.
  2. Styles & Layouts Sets: – It is used to print layout, and creates individual texts.
  3. Composer: – It is a output module and not visible to the user.
  4. Programming interface: – This is the interface that makes it possible for the programmer to include SAP script components in their application programs and to control how the layout sets outputs are displayed.
  5. Database: – SAP Scripts uses many database tables which are capable of storing large amounts of texts, sets and styles.

What is a Layout Set in SAP Script?

The purpose of layout sets is to display documents in output form . SAP Script layout sets do not contain any data but are used to describe how the text elements are incorporated into the program and printing is done and may be considered the page design for the document.

Components of SAP Script Layout: – The important components of SAP script layout are as follows

1. Header Data: – It controls how printing is done and it consists of Starting page, paragraph, , Page format, Language and so on.

2. Paragraph, Font and Character Formats: – Paragraph attributes are page margin, Alignment, etc. Font attribute is the type of font, size and so on.

3. Windows and Text Elements: – Windows are independent text areas such as header address, date and footer placed in a page. Windows group the information presented in a document into groups which appear on the printed page in their own area. Text elements are used by the print program by their names and then formatted and printed in their own window.

4. Pages: – They independent pages contained in the document with their own name. Each page may have a different layout and may have different data.

5. Page Windows : – Page windows are elements that contains the page and specify the area with width and height.

Function Modules used in SAP Scripts are  OPEN_FORM, CLOSE_FORM, START_FORM, WRITE_FORM, END_FORM

SAP Script program

The below program uses the following layout

ABAP SAP Scripts program layout

REPORT  ZOWN_SCRIPT_DRVPRG.

DATA : COMP_ADDR TYPE STRING VALUE ‘Reliance Globalservices pvt ltd’,

CONDT TYPE C VALUE ‘T’.

 

DATA : BEGIN OF EMPDATA OCCURS 0,

EMPNO TYPE I,

EMPNAME TYPE STRING,

EMPSAL TYPE P,

END OF EMPDATA,

 

SUBTOT TYPE P,

GRTOT TYPE P.

 

**POPULATE THE ITAB

EMPDATA-EMPNO = 19001.

EMPDATA-EMPNAME = ‘RAVI’.

EMPDATA-EMPSAL = ‘35000’.

APPEND EMPDATA.

 

EMPDATA-EMPNO = 19081.

EMPDATA-EMPNAME = ‘AKASH’.

EMPDATA-EMPSAL = ‘35000’.

APPEND EMPDATA.

 

SORT EMPDATA ASCENDING BY EMPNO.

 

CALL FUNCTION ‘OPEN_FORM’

EXPORTING

APPLICATION = ‘TX’

DIALOG      = ‘X’

FORM        = ‘ZOWN_SCRIPT’

LANGUAGE    = SY-LANGU.

 

CALL FUNCTION ‘WRITE_FORM’

EXPORTING

ELEMENT  = ‘COMPADDR’

FUNCTION = ‘SET’

TYPE     = ‘BODY’

WINDOW   = ‘COMPADDR’.

 

LOOP AT EMPDATA.

 

**THIS GETS PRINTED ONLY FOR THE FIRST TIME

AT FIRST.

 

CALL FUNCTION ‘WRITE_FORM’

EXPORTING

ELEMENT  = ‘EMPHEAD’

FUNCTION = ‘SET’

TYPE     = ‘BODY’

WINDOW   = ‘MAIN’.

 

ENDAT.

 

CALL FUNCTION ‘WRITE_FORM’

EXPORTING

ELEMENT  = ‘EMPDET’

FUNCTION = ‘SET’

TYPE     = ‘BODY’

WINDOW   = ‘MAIN’.

 

AT END OF EMPSAL.

 

SUM.

 

SUBTOT = SUBTOT + EMPDATA-EMPSAL.

GRTOT = GRTOT + SUBTOT.

 

CALL FUNCTION ‘WRITE_FORM’

EXPORTING

ELEMENT  = ‘STOT’

FUNCTION = ‘SET’

TYPE     = ‘BODY’

WINDOW   = ‘MAIN’.

 

CLEAR SUBTOT.

ENDAT.

 

AT LAST.

 

CALL FUNCTION ‘WRITE_FORM’

EXPORTING

ELEMENT  = ‘FOOTER’

FUNCTION = ‘SET’

TYPE     = ‘BODY’

WINDOW   = ‘MAIN’.

 

CLEAR GRTOT.

 

ENDAT.

 

ENDLOOP.

 

CALL FUNCTION ‘CLOSE_FORM’.